Aug 17, 2010

Ruminants and Rodents

The stomach of a ruminant has four chambers. Because of the microbial action in the chambers, the diet from which a ruminant actually absorbs its nutrients is much richer than the grass the animal originally ate. In fact, a ruminant eating grass or hay obtains many of its nutrients by digesting the symbiotic microorganisms, which reproduce rapidly enough in the rumen to maintain a stable population.

The chewed food is passed --> rumen --> cellulose, broken down (enzyme cellulase produced by microbes).
Food enters reticulum (undergoes further hydrolysis). The food now is called cud --> regurgitate bit by bit into mouth --> then rechewed
Reswallow into omasum. Food --> further broken down into smaller pieces (peristalsis)
Food particles move into abomasum (the true stomach). Gastric juices contain digestive enzymes complete the digestion of proteins and other food substances.
The food --> small intestine --> digested & absorbed.
Rodent – large caecum and appendix – shelter for bacteria – produce enzyme cellulase
Rodent chews food – pass through alimentary canal – broken down by cellulase – produced by bacteria
Soft and watery faeces – produced at night
Rodent eats again the faeces – repeat the breakdown process – digested products are absorbed
Defecation – during the day – faeces harder and drier

Both do not produce cellulase on their own to digest cellulose. They depend on cellulase-producing microbes for digestion.
They swallow food twice.


Anonymous said...

Wow, that's crazy man. They should really try to do something to fix that.

Anonymous said...

Nice post, kind of drawn out though. Really good subject matter though.

Herfen Suryati said...

Nice post, so benefit for me, thanks