Sep 28, 2011
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Sep 24, 2011
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Sep 15, 2011
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Sep 10, 2011
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Sep 5, 2011
Mangrove swamps are mostly found in the tropical and subtropical region where fresh-water meets salt water.
They have muddy soft soil and are a hostile environment for normal plants. This is because the soil has very low levels of oxygen and a high concentration of salt.
In addition, mangrove swamps are exposed to high intensities of sunlight and strong winds.
The pioneer species of a mangrove swamp are the Sonneratia sp. and Avicennia sp.
The presence of this species gradually changes the physical environment of the habitat.
The extensive root systems of these plants trap and collect sediments, including organic matter from decaying plant parts.
As time passes, the soil becomes more compact and firm. This condition favours the growth of Rhizophora sp. Gradually the Rhizophora sp. replaces the pioneer species.
The prop root system of the Rhizophora sp. traps silt and mud, creating a firmer soil structure over time.
The ground becomes higher. As a result, the soil is drier because it is less submerged by sea water.
The condition now becomes more suitable for the Bruguiera sp., which replaces the Rhizophora sp.
The buttress root system of the Bruguiera sp. forms loops which extend from the soil to trap more silt and mud.
As more sediments are deposited, the shore extends further to the sea. The old shore is now further away from the sea and is like terresterial ground.
Over time, terrestrial plants like nipah palm and Pandanus sp. begin to replace the Bruguiera sp.
Posted by rozaini at 1:30 PM
An ecosystem is a community of living organisms interacting with one another and with non-living organisms.
A habitat is the natural environment in which an organism lives.
A species consists of a group of organisms that look alike and have similar characteristics, share the same ecological niche and are capable of interbreeding.
A population consists of organisms living in the same habitat at the same time.
A community is a natural collection of plant and animal species living within a defined area or habitat in an ecosystem.
The function of an organism or the role it plays in an ecosystem is known as the ecological niche.
Posted by rozaini at 1:19 PM